最新清明节英文介绍_清明节

2014年08月12日|来源:优文文库

清明节英文介绍

qingming 清明节

qingming —it is also called tomb-sweeping day. it falls on april 4th or 5th . that is a special day for the living to show love and respect to their dead friends or relatives. people often go to sweep the tomb and put the meat, wine in front of the tomb. one interesting thing is that people burn the paper money for the dead.

关于“清明节”的英文介绍

1、qingming jie(all souls’ day)

qing ming is a time to remember thedead and the dearly departed. more important, it is a period to honour and topay respect to one’s deceased ancestors and family members. because itreinforces the ethic of filial piety, qing ming is a major chinese festival.

清明节是一个纪念祖先的节日。主要的纪念仪式是扫墓,扫墓是慎终追远、郭亲睦邻及行孝的具体表现;基于上述意义,清明节因此成为华人的重要节日。

literally meaning “clear”(qing) and “bright” (ming), this chinese festival falls in earlyspring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. it is a “spring”festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and tosweep the graves of their forebears. chinese being practical people thissweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before andafter qing ming day. among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.

清明节是在仲春和暮春之交,也就是冬至后的106天。扫墓活动通常是在清明节的前十天或后十天。有些地域的人士的扫墓活动长达一个月。

qing ming is popularly associatedwith jie zi zhui, who lived in shanxi province in 600 b.c. legend has it thatjie saved his starving lord’s life by serving a piece of his own leg. when thelord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited hisfaithful follower to join him. however, jie declined his invitation, preferringto lead a hermit’s life with his mother in the mountains.

谈到清明节,有点历史知识的人,都会联想到历史人物介子椎。据历史记载,在两千多年以前的春秋时代,晋国公子重耳逃亡在外,生活艰苦,跟随他的介子椎不惜从自己的腿上割下一块肉让他充饥。后来,重耳回到晋国,作了国君(即晋文公,春秋五霸之一),大事封赏所有跟随他流亡在外的随从,惟独介子椎拒绝接受封赏,他带了母亲隐居绵山。

believing that he could force jieout by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest onfire. to his consternation, jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt todeath. to commemorate jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be putout on the anniversary of jie’s death. thus began the “cold foodfeast”, a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.

晋文公无计可施,只好放火烧山,他想,介子椎孝顺母亲,一定会带着老母出来。谁知这场大火却把介子椎母子烧死了。为了纪念介子椎,晋文公下令每年的这一天,禁止生火,家家户户只能吃生冷的食物,这就是寒食节的来源。

the “cold food” festival occurson the eve of qing ming and is often considered as part of the qing mingfestival. as time passes, the qing ming festival replaced the “coldfood” festival. whatever practice is observed,the basic observation of qing ming is to rememberone’s elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes orancestral tablets. to make the visit even more meaningful, some time should bespent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives andcontributions of their ancestors, and the story of jie zi zhui who choose deathover capitulation.

寒食节是在清明节的前一天,古人常把寒食节的活动延续到清明,久而久之,清明取代了寒食节。拜介子椎的习俗也变成了清明扫墓的习俗了。无论以何种形式纪念,为了使纪念祖先的仪式更有意义,我们应该让年轻一代的家庭成员了解先人过去的奋斗历史,当然,还要学习介子椎宁死不屈的气节。

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